Tuckman's Team Development Stages


1. Forming   (Politeness, tentativeness, initiation)

- Testing the waters

- Asking if you are the right person to be on the team

- Less personal / more watchful of each other

- Gradual growth in personal exchange

- Personality / Aproaches to "teamness" emerge:

- some are eager to meet and work

- some hold back

- some are hostile

- some focus on the task

- some focus on people


2. Storming   (Fight, argue, establish Roles)

- Sorting out personal relationships

- Vying for team positions / responsibility

- Interpersonal skills are most critical:

- learning to deal with our differences

- learning to appreciate what each person brings to the table

(A stage of low morale and productivity...successful teams move to the next stage)


3. Norming   (Focus on work, smooth operations, commitment to task)

- Less energy spent on conflict

- Members decide that they want the team to work

- Shared expectations for each others behavior begin to emerge - implicit and explicit values, norms, behavioral guidelines

(Shifting of efforts to mutual support & interest...productivity increases)


4. Performing   (Comraderie, continuous improvement, commitment to team)

 - Everyone understands the work to be done

- Members are comfortable with their interpersonal relationships

- Focus on continuous improvement

- Care about doing a superb job

- Everyone cares about doing a superb job

- Everyone cares about meeting the needs of individual team members

(Loyalty, trust, affirmation, belonging typify the team atmosphere)


5. Adjourning   (Ending, celebration of completion, feeling of loss)