APPLYING REINFORCEMENT THEORY

Identifying the critical behaviors

        Is it under a person's personal control?
        Can it be measured

Measurement of the behaviors

        Obtain baseline frequency data
        Use self-reporting procedures where possible

Functional analysis of behavior

        Examine antecedents and consequences of behaviors

Development of an intervention strategy

        Attempt affirmative control before aversive control
        Specify reinforcement schedule
        Shorter intervals of reinforcement if possible
        Specify feedback mechanisms
        Selection of consequences
        Consideration of costs versus benefits

Evaluation to ensure performance improvement

        Select and implement evaluation methodology
            (e.g., multiple baseline design)
        Assess behavioral change