"A team is a group organized to work
together to accomplish a set of objectives that cannot be achieved
- A key to successful planning and implementation is the development of
teams. The table below provides a description of three types of teams and
their relative advantages and disadvantages:
- Small teams of 3-8
- All district managers
- No constituent or stakeholder involvement
Advantages: quick, focused, consensus among leaders
Disadvantages: isolated, no district-side ownership
- Mid-size team of 15-20
- Representatives from each key stakeholder group within the
'boundaries' of district staff
- Advantages: key representatives are involved, sense of
- Disadvantages: representatives can take the narrow view, no
- Large team of 25-30
- Mix of district staff and community leaders (50:50 preferred)
- Advantages: key district community leaders involved, sense of
- Disadvantages: slow process, everyone needs to be heard,
steep learning curve as citizens become knowledgeable about issues and
Characteristics of a Team
- There must be an awareness of unity on the part of all its members.
- There must be interpersonal relationship. Members must have a chance to
contribute, learn from and work with others.
- The member must have the ability to act together toward a common goal.
Ten characteristics of well-functioning teams:
- Purpose: Members proudly share a sense of why the team exists and are
invested in accomplishing its mission and goals.
- Priorities: Members know what needs to be done next, by whom, and by when
to achieve team goals.
- Roles: Members know their roles in getting tasks done and when to allow a
more skillful member to do a certain task.
- Decisions: Authority and decision-making lines are clearly understood.
- Conflict: Conflict is dealt with openly and is considered important to
decision-making and personal growth.
- Personal traits: members feel their unique personalities are appreciated
and well utilized.
- Norms: Group norms for working together are set and seen as standards for
every one in the groups.
- Effectiveness: Members find team meetings efficient and productive and
look forward to this time together.
- Success: Members know clearly when the team has met with success and share
in this equally and proudly.
- Training: Opportunities for feedback and updating skills are provided and
taken advantage of by team members.
Guidelines for effective team membership:
- Contribute ideas and solutions
- Recognize and respect differences in others
- Value the ideas and contributions of others
- Listen and share information
- Ask questions and get clarification
- Participate fully and keep your commitments
- Be flexible and respect the partnership created by a team -- strive for
- Have fun and care about the team and the outcomes.
Characteristics of a high-performance team:
- Participative leadership - creating an interdependence by empowering,
freeing up and serving others.
- Shared responsibility - establishing an environment in which all team
members feel responsibility as the manager for the performance team.
- Aligned on purpose - having a sense of common purpose about why the team
exists and the function it serves.
- High communication - creating a climate of trust and open, honest
- Future focused - seeing change as an opportunity for growth.
- Focused on task - keeping meetings and interactions focused on results.
- Creative talents - applying individual talents and creativity.
- Rapid response - identifying and acting on opportunities.
Who is Part of Your Team and What Does The Team Do?
- Management Team (Superintendent and Administration) plus Governance Team
- Vision (Planning)
- School Board - creates, reviews and approves
- Administration - recommends process, develop and plans (decides what),
and implements plans (decides how)
- Structure (policy)
- School Board - creates reviews and adopts
- Administration - recommends and implements
- Advocacy (communication)
- School Board - represents public interest, seeks public input
- Administration - acts in public interest, seeks and provides public
- Accountability (Evaluation)
- School Board - monitors progress toward goals, evaluates the board
standards and personnel in accordance
- Administration - implements evaluation of programs